Thesis: Breed specific legislation is a controversial topic in which I am very interested and would like to explore both sides of the issue to perhaps learn something new. How to Use the Map: Use the zoom feature to hone in on specific areas of the country. Also president of the Animal Companion Animal Council (ACAC), Seksel submitted a government commissioned report to the NSW Department of Local Government in 2002 to provide an independent review of the issues relating to the control of dangerous dogs in NSW, the performance of BSL in overseas jurisdictions and any implications for the provisions of the NSW Companion Animals Act 1998. Does BSL Work? Breed specific legislation is a bad idea and we encourage people to speak out about it however they can. Some city/municipal governments have enacted breed-specific laws, as has the State of Ohio. Another point of view is that comprehensive "dog bite" legislation, coupled with better consumer education and legally mandating responsible pet keeping practices, is a better solution than breed-specific legislation to the problem of dangerous dogs. “He came to a place with no violence. These dogs have done nothing,” she said. Conversely, studies can be referenced that point to clear, positive effects of carefully crafted breed-neutral laws. BSL in The Courts – An Unsettled Debate 14 A. BSL vs. Any dog can bite – Any dog can be made aggressive and be trained to attack. American canine expert advises licence for all dogs. It's a complex issue, but here are a few helpful resources: BSL in BC & North America. This ugly, smelly, horrible dog put his head on my lap and snuggled. The second level of licensing is a Minimal Licence, which would permit the holder to have the dog on private property and in the car, but when in public, would be permitted to walk the dog only on the lead and only in situations where there are no living creatures nearby. Educating parents and children is critical for decreasing the number of dog bites. Void for Vagueness 22 IV. Thesis: Breed specific legislation is a controversial topic in which I am very interested and would like to explore both sides of the issue to perhaps learn something new. *Breed specific legislation is ineffective as it does not focus on the root of the problem - irresponsible dog owners. The UK study found dangerous breeds contributed to only a small proportion of the injuries and more than half the patients in both study groups were bitten by their own dogs or dogs that were well-known to them. October 11, 2010 at 8:51 AM Public. These alternatives can serve as long-term solutions to dog problems, as well as create fewer problems that are commonly associated with dog breed laws. Set up low cost, or free, dog training and dog behavior help that will encourage people to train their dogs and to better understand the importance of basic obedience and dog behaviors. The dog would be temperament tested for the first three years of its life and be awarded a coloured tag depending on its aggression level. Sentient beings. Help! If they are not already in place, lobby for protection from untrained and unsupervised dogs of any breed or mix. What breed am I? Breed Specific Legislation Map. Specific Purpose Statement: To invite my audience to explore the advantages, disadvantages, and the alternatives associated with breed specific legislation. When it comes to owning and caring for dogs, it is the person’s responsibility to ensure the safety of the pet and other people. Implement detailed containment and leash laws that prevent un-attended dogs from roaming without supervision, include strict penalties to the dog’s owner when the laws are violated. Seksel said overseas experience has shown that BSL fails to reduce the number of dog attacks and dog bites, therefore doing little to protect the public. It allows seizure of other breeds, but the rules are not applied homogeneously by councils. For instance, the owner could not walk his dog on a well-travelled sidewalk. Breed Specific Legislation fails to achieve what Parliament intended, to protect the public. The following are examples of good alternatives to breed bans and breed-specific legislation (BSL). The EDBA, which started in 2001 and now has more than 200 members, opposes any dog control laws aimed at the rights of all responsible dog owners, said Watson. He agrees the Pit Bull breed has a strong bite to hold, but other dogs, like the Cattle Dog, can do equal damage, so he wonders where the government will stop with BSL. Floods. Find a volunteering opportunity. Mixon argues the relationship between dog attacks and barking results from a phenomenon called “shaping”. However, animal behaviour and veterinary experts say they have a false sense of security as international studies show the legislation is clearly not working and therefore doing little to protect the public. breed is responsible for its behavior. Old English Bulldog in Paris, 1863 A bull and a bulldog, etching by F. Barlow, circa 17th century A.D.. Bull-baiting with dogs, 19th century Spanish Alano dogs, bull-fighting scene by Goya, circa 1815 Spanish Alano dogs, bull-fighting scene, circa 1795 References. This map gives you a comprehensive look at breed specific legislation across the United States. “When I first met Jake, he was thin and had an open wound on his head. Advocate againt BSL A "pit bull" isn't a thing. Craig Mixon spoke to Dogs Life about a four-tier system of licensing, which he addresses in detail on his website www.barkingdogs.net, created to educate the public about barking dogs and the relationship between barking and biting. Jun 4, 2013 - Explore Michelle Rafferty's board "End BSL", followed by 153 people on Pinterest. It needs owners who are disciplined and dedicated to training their dog,” she said. “Our lawyer is one of the top in Germany for fighting federal laws and has never lost a case,” said Dettmar. We don’t support breed-specific legislation — research shows that bans on certain types of dogs are largely ineffective and often a waste of public resources…As an alternative to breed-specific policies, the CDC recommends a community-based approach to prevent dog bites. Responsible dog ownership is the most effective way to reduce the number of dog bites and attacks. Dogs Life contacted Cathie Dettmar, a Bull Terrier breeder in Germany, who, together with her husband, has been struggling with the “BSL chaos” for many years. Caroline Zambrano investigates the possibility of dog licensing to replace and the alternatives to breed specific legislation. It is the owner who needs to be controlled. In Queensland, Helen* rescued a Pit Bull from a lifetime of fighting. They feel that dogs attack people who deserve it for one reason or another. Breed bans and breed specific legislation are something that causes a great number of loving and responsible pet owners to give up their pets. October 8, 2010 . Alicia Silverstone Adopted Two Dogs and A Pit Bull. To own a dog in Germany, Dettmar said one must licence the dog and pay a dog tax. John Richardson began DogTech International Pty Ltd and has been training dogs for more than 30 years. There are quite a few alternatives to BSL that promise public protection and bite reduction without as many drawbacks. Spring. It was the aim of these early laws to identify certain breeds as “inherently dangerous to society.” It should be noted that dogs are not the only animals to have faced breed-specific legislation. The third level of licensing is the On-Lead Public Licence, which would allow a person to take their dog walking in public but only with the lead attached. “Breed-specific” legislation (BSL) is the blanket term for laws that either regulate or ban certain breeds completely in the hopes of reducing dog attacks. Some city/municipal governments have enacted breed-specific laws, as has the State of Ohio. Honorable Mayor and City Council City of Kirksville, Mo. UK data on dog attacks and dog bites pre and post implementation of BSL shows no difference in the incidence of dog bites, with 73 percent of all bites requiring medical attention occurring both before and after implementation of the legislation. It focuses on specific breeds, which fails to appreciate a dog is not aggressive purely on the basis of its breed. He said people expect all dogs to be “pattable” but an inappropriate approach by a stranger can trigger an aggressive reaction from some dogs that are not easy-going in character. On gaining the licence they sign a declaration stating that each year they will register their dog on time, control their dog at all times and care for it in the proper manner,” Williams said. Fight breed-specific legislation to protect dogs and strengthen communities. These cookies collect simple user information. “Its so wrong to kill them. What's it like to volunteer with us? My city has BSL. These alternatives can be implemented to solve future dog bite and dog attack problems. Fireworks. -Strengthening the enforcement of existing local ordinances and state regulations. Alternatives to Breed Specific Legislation There are numerous individuals and organizations in disagreement with BSL, who consider it to be inappropriate and ineffective. “Beyond a doubt, the decision of those in authority to ignore threatening barkers contributes greatly to the epidemic of dog bites,” he said. These laws focus on reckless owners instead of dog breeds: Illinois: Illinois Animal Control Act Rather, the solution lies in educating dog owners and, more importantly, the general community, she added. Germany has a nationwide import ban on the Pit Bull Terrier, American Staffordshire Terrier, Staffordshire Bull Terrier and Bull Terrier, plus crosses of those breeds. Isabel Williams from the councils Animal Welfare Services said they have no evidence to prove that the Dog Owners Licence (DOL) test has reduced bites/attacks in their area since it began running 15 years ago, but it does encourage responsible dog ownership. Summer. There are many practical alternatives to these laws that would provide adequate protection to the general Puppy trade. By Dean J. Monti. Dog treats: Why bother with meat or different meat than beef or chicken? + Alternatives. Create education courses for children and adults about dog safety and basic dog care. If a dog bites or attacks someone, the owner is legally responsible, and restrictions are placed on the "guilty" dog. These alternatives can serve as long-term solutions to dog problems, as well as create fewer problems that are commonly associated with dog breed laws. For canine regulation, it is important to understand the differences between the two major forms of regulation - breed-specific legislation (BSL) and breed-neutral legislation (BNL). Equal Protection Claims 19 3. Breed-based laws are a dying trend - fight them in your community . Positive Pit Bull Alternatives to the Ypsi Twp Breed Specific Legislation. “I was frightened I would cost my dog his life,” she said. + Alternatives. Alabama rot. In the past decade, many states in Australia have passed Breed Specific Legislation (BSL) with varied restrictions relating to the breeds nationally banned from importation: the American Pit Bull Terrier or Pit Bull Terrier, Japanese Tosa, Dogo Argentino and Fila Brasileiro. The only registered specialist in animal behaviour in Australia, veterinarian Dr Kersti Seksel, said the introduction of legislation restricting dogs on the basis of appearance or breed rather than behaviour will not result in any real dog attack-harm reduction. It focuses on specific breeds, which fails to appreciate a dog is not aggressive purely on the basis of its breed. She was actively protesting the Pit Bull ban before the Queensland government banned the breeds, but when Jake came into her life, she had to support quietly through the EDBA. "Breed-specific" legislation (BSL) is the blanket term for laws that either regulate or ban certain breeds completely in the hopes of reducing dog attacks. Repealing breed-specific legislation. Dogs Life found out from animal experts in Australia and overseas why this legislation will not work if passed and discussed alternative and more effective ways to reduce dog attacks, such as licensing dog owners. Endangered Dog Breeds Association (EDBA) President Linda Watson told Dogs Life the legislation targeting breeds is “unfair and irrational”. Stronger enforcement of existing dangerous dog laws. However, council officials believe the test encourages dog owners to be more responsible. Mixon said the US Centre for Disease Control has recommended dog owner education programs as a means of dealing with the nations epidemic of dog bites. Guidelines. Having specialised in aggression for the past decade, Richardson said the source of aggression is a combination of the natural instinct in any dog and the way it has been guided by its human carers in its upbringing. The person would then take a knowledge test on care and handling, followed by a practical test on basic training with a canine club or training organisation. These laws focus on reckless owners instead of dog breeds: Illinois: Illinois Animal Control Act The holder of this licence would be forbidden from taking his dog out in public and be required to pass a city inspection of his property to ensure his dog is properly confined in a humane and escape-proof enclosure and that warning signs are prominently posted. At the point of applying for a licence for a special breed, a potential owner would have to consider whether they have the right lifestyle and the possible consequences of owning such a dog. They have suggested alternatives to BSL, which include, among others, behavior based legislation, sanctions, use of media, community outreach and education, and stricter licensing requirements, among others (AVMA, … The ADA 15 B. Create regulations and fees associated with becoming a dog breeder. Breed specific legislation is a bad idea and we encourage people to speak out about it however they can. Let's take a look into the pros of Breed Specific Legislation Pro #1 Laws 38 U.S. fatal dog attacks occurred in 2012 If no laws are present prohibiting certain dog breeds, then people will make poor choices that are not necessarily safe for the dog and/or surrounding people. Specific Purpose Statement: To invite my audience to explore the advantages, disadvantages, and the alternatives associated with breed specific legislation. To encourage responsible ownership, legislation should focus on . Over time, some dogs go from barking, to barking more intensely, to barking in a threatening manner. What can I do? Effective alternatives to BSL. Up to 15,000 dogs have been killed by councils around the country because they are Pit Bulls and many of them are not even Pit Bulls, she claims. Breed bans and other forms of BSL do not work because they target all dogs of a breed -- the innocent as well as the guilty; they are difficult to enforce; and they do not end the use of guardian dogs by criminals. However, she stopped breeding because she said it was too hard to find responsible owners. He said allowing dogs to bark or vocally threaten the general public greatly increases the chances the animal will eventually bite someone. -BSL/Pit Bull Initiatives - creating training opportunities, identifying effective alternatives to breed specific legislation. Bullenbeisser (German Bulldog) Old English Bulldog; Toy Bulldog; Gallery. It was the aim of these early laws to identify certain breeds as “inherently dangerous to society.” It should be noted that dogs are not the only animals to have faced breed-specific legislation. Responsible dog ownership is the most effective way to reduce the number of dog bites and attacks. Alternatives to BSL. 1. Alternatives to Breed Bans. The Breed Specific Legislation is a part of The ... MPs in the UK have proposed that the alternative approach to bite prevention should focus on education about … As accurate breed identification proves difficult, she suggested assessing a dog by behaviour (temperament assessment) rather than by appearance to determine whether an individual animal be subject to restrictions. Winter. Alternatives to BSL. Interestingly, Dr Seksel worked as an animal behaviourist in the US and had the opportunity to examine about 20 American Pit Bull Terriers which had been bred for fighting. We thank Mr. Greenwood and ADBA for truly representing dog owners! Non-breed specific legislation is cost effective in comparison to outright breed ban and is more readily accepted for the most part. This is a broad-based effort that protects all citizens as any dog can bite and be a nuisance when owned by an irresponsible owner. By nixing breed labels, shelters let dogs shine on their individual merits. There is no convincing data to indicate that breed-specific legislation has succeeded anywhere to date. Norton has received hundreds of calls from BSL victims, including people whose dogs were falsely identified as a Pit Bull and destroyed without a fair trial. If a Pit Bull Shows Aggression to Dogs, People are Next – Pit Bull Myth, Yakima City Council Votes to Revoke Pit Bull Ban. Due Process Claims 17 2. Breed bans and breed specific legislation are something that causes a great number of loving and responsible pet owners to give up their pets. “However, there does seem to be some evidence that certain breeds are more likely to attack children and adult humans, and that can’t be ignored.”, Dog trainer suggests licence to own special breeds. Suggest that adopters choose a dog based on personality, not just by breed. Data in a report published in the Sept 15, 2000 issue of the JAVMA indicate that breed-specific legislation is not the solution to dog bite prevention. Pets at Christmas. Waitakere City Council in New Zealand offers a Dog Owners Licence test to dog owners but as an incentive to reduce the dog registration fees, not dog attacks. The CDC has noted that many other factors beyond breed may affect a dog’s tendency toward aggression—things such as heredity, sex, early experience, reproductive status, socialization and training. Set up low cost, or free, spay and neuter programs, that encourage people to have their dog altered. The third alternative to breed banning is to provide adult dogs with appropriate care, meaning always be in control of the dog, make sure dogs are properly trained, and react to and correct aggressive behavior should it arise. Breed Specific Legislation was introduced 26 years ago as part of the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 to restrict the ownership of certain types of dogs deemed to be dangerous to people. My city has BSL. Jake came to live with her on Australia Day in 2000 only until a permanent home was to be found. Breed Specific Legislation (BSL) or any other unfair imposition upon the rights of voters can no longer be tolerated if quality purebred dogs are to be preserved. For starters, dogs with history of aggression can be microchipped to track aggressive behavior and prevent future incidents. Representing a state that has the most severe laws regarding banned breeds, Queensland Senator Andrew Bartlett spoke to Dogs Life about where he stands on the BSL issue. “Jake was an extraordinary dog,” said Helen. We updated it every month to make sure it is as accurate as possible. BSL stands for breed-specific legislation -- laws and regulations, enacted at the city or county level, that ban or restrict the keeping of dogs by breed, typically targeting pit bulls. Many cities have the Fighting Dog Tax for people who own a breed on that citys restricted breed list and this tax can be as high as 800 to 1200 Euros for the first dog and higher for additional ones. Stronger enforcement of existing dangerous dog laws. BSL can range from something as mild as a higher licence fee for specific breeds to an all-out ban, including mandatory destruction of any prohibited dog found within the boundaries of the legislating jurisdiction. First, dog owners should be required to take an education class before applying for a dog-related licence, regardless of the level of certification they seek, to learn about selecting the right dog, training their dog, canine development and other issues. More details . Related articles. Breed specific legislation (BSL) is an attempt by legislators to reduce dog bites by targeting specific types of dogs. The report revealed that, during the past 20 years, at least 25 breeds of dog have been involved in 238 human fatalities. Waitakere City Council runs an education program that involves officers going into schools and the community and giving talks on responsible dog ownership. Prevent dog abuse and dog fighting, with severe penalties to the owner. Some say, "do nothing at all." Breed alone is a poor indicator of whether or not an animal is going to be aggressive towards humans, so “eliminating the breed is not the solution”, she stressed. An alternative to breed-specific legislation is to regulate individual dogs and owners on the basis of their behavior.” The National Canine Research Council claims, “There is no scientific evidence that one kind of dog is more likely than any other to injure a human being. Regulate dog breeders in order to ensure that puppies start off on the right foot with proper care, socialization, and health. Mixons idea involves four types of dog owner licensing. Alternatives to Breed Speficic Legislation: 1) Enforcement of generic dangerous dog laws, laws that hold owners accountable for the actions of their dogs regardless of breed. The laws, which were passed to reduce the number of dog attacks, may help victims of such attacks feel more secure when stepping out into the street. A once proud owner of a Rottweiler, Bartlett said he does not have a hard and fast view on BSL but understands that “blanket condemnation of particular breeds does not give a fair picture. Another idea to help in the fight against dog attacks comes from an American author and educational psychologist specialising in canine behaviour. Housing and BSL. Breed specific legislation: Considerations for evaluating its effectiveness and recommendations for alternatives September 2005 The Canadian veterinary journal. In America, responsible people should be allowed to love and care for any breed of dog they choose. The test has been running for about 15 years and involves answering 20 multiple choice questions all based on the New Zealand Dog Owner Manual written by Tom Didovich. It allows seizure of other breeds, but the rules are not applied homogeneously by councils. “The Pit Bull is not a dog for everyone. We think that once this happens, we can send the evidence to other countries now in the midst of the BSL struggle to help them try to repeal the laws.”. 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