Practical resources to help leaders navigate to the next normal: guides, tools, checklists, interviews and more. Agricultural policies in developing countries Exchange rates, prices, and taxation Increased production of food and cash crops and higher rural incomes have been important objec- tives for governments of developing countries. Ethiopia and Morocco both invested more than a year of intense study and stakeholder engagement to craft their agricultural transformation plans. Most transformations fail. The company specializes in, Another invention, known as the Hippo Roller, is able to, Like KickStart International, Hippo Roller accepts donations to help promote its invention. World Wide Opportunities on Organic Farms (WWOOF) is an organization that allows volunteers to, After originating as Working Weekends on Organic Farms in England in 1971, the organization grew to include. Successful agricultural transformation plans differentially target agri-food systems and geographic areas with tailored strategies. Most plans don’t make these distinctions. In these areas, the glut of maize depresses the local market price, and farmers may return the next season to growing their old, cheaper varieties of maize because they lost money on the new one. Agricultural transformations often focus too much on volume rather than value and on productivity of row crops rather than opportunities for high-value crops, downstream processing, and livestock. Both political and financial capital are at stake for public-sector investors, and securing high-level commitment will ensure the development process produces more clearly defined practical plans that have a higher likelihood of being implemented. In more remote areas, though, with bad roads, poor-quality land, and less well-connected markets, different strategies are needed. In this research, we explore the capacity to which more sustainable technologies and practices can address the third option. Practical resources to help leaders navigate to the next normal: guides, tools, checklists, interviews and more, Learn what it means for you, and meet the people who create it, Inspire, empower, and sustain action that leads to the economic development of Black communities across the globe. Eight of the 13 national agricultural plans that we analyzed in Africa didn’t set clear priorities. The key is to ensure the use of appropriate metrics and incentives, sufficient training, and performance management of the change agents. The drivers of agricultural transformation are multidimensional, interrelated, and change over time, but they can be organized into categories to provide a better opportunity for pragmatic diagnostics and decision making on national priorities. The office can apply accepted project management technologies to break the transformation into discrete initiatives, each with specific goals, timing, and responsibility. A common reaction to this interdependency problem is to try to move all elements ahead in a highly prescribed way, specifying interventions up and down value chains and creating complex plans with a high potential for failure. Morocco’s Plan Vert started with seven value chains, expanded to nine, and focused on six geographic areas. Our experience suggests that they are the biggest controllable factors leading to successful conclusions. Morocco designated farm managers who interacted with a large number of smaller farmers through contracts as the main category of change agent. Roads are bad, and transport to other markets is prohibitively expensive. For example, increased productivity in the dairy sector might be achieved through farmers accessing better animal health technologies and better cattle breeds or joining dairy cooperatives to sell their milk. Reinvent your business. The list also provides direct links to the brands’ various websites where customers can order online. Technological advancements can help farmers in developing countries finish their work faster and allow them to complete more work in less time. Agricultural transformation plans with an investor mind-set include three strategic planning components. These might involve greater focus on staple crop productivity and social safety nets. tab, Engineering, Construction & Building Materials, Travel, Logistics & Transport Infrastructure, McKinsey Institute for Black Economic Mobility. Sustainable agriculture could help them increase their yields. The appropriate choice of change agent might vary depending on what part of the transformation plan is involved and the characteristics of the country’s agri-food systems. The first part of this article focused on best practices for what to do in a successful agricultural transformation and what should be included in a high-quality national agricultural plan. Most successful transformations can be traced to specific single individuals who had an extra-ordinary impact on the project. Here are three options that help support farmers in developing countries. Offering advisory and analytical support to countries so that they can better understand and improve the policy, legal and regulatory environment for smallholder farmers, entrepreneurs, and the safe and effective trade of agricultural products. Select topics and stay current with our latest insights, Successful agricultural transformations: Six core elements of planning and delivery. A different, less top-down approach might be to enable change agents to set local targets and work with farmers who know the economics of maize production all too well. This approach costs relatively little but produces better individual leaders and facilitates alignment in a country’s top team. For some, that will mean raising farm productivity or shifting the mix of production to include higher-value crops and livestock. Never miss an insight. To catalyze this, a change agent might be the person providing extension knowledge, offering financing for farming inputs such as fertilizer, aggregating crops, or facilitating marketing services. Navigating the complexity of a transformation is invariably tough for governments, even though they may prioritize agricultural investment and recognize how important it is to get right. In addition to traditional economic development and poverty reduction goals, governments are also focusing their agricultural transformation plans on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by considering, for example, climate-smart strategies, women’s economic empowerment, and biodiversity. Another invention, known as the Hippo Roller, is able to collect more water and transport it much more easily than the traditional method of carrying one bucket for miles. This choice dramatically increased the income opportunities for small farmers and has led to an average land productivity increase of 30 percent. Many tools and processes exist to achieve common understanding, but getting there requires commitment from leaders across different sectors. These focus areas could be within specific geographies or within particularly influential value chains. In the area I’m most familiar with: water, sanitation, and hygiene, we have seen adaptations of developed-world technology, such as solar panels for pumping water, and designs for developing communities, like the arbor loo. For example, one strategy might focus on raising the productivity of smallholder farmers’ food crops in a particular region where rural poverty and stunting (from malnutrition) rates are high, while a concurrent strategy focuses on what is needed to accelerate growth in the coffee sector to boost export revenue and job creation. This is a great starting point for someone who wants to become more conscious of which corporations and brands they should support. Land policy is a good illustration of how critical it is for policies to be dynamic—changing over time to prevent transformations from stalling. hereLearn more about cookies, Opens in new The company accepts donations in order to support its goal of making and sharing its inventions. These are investments in areas where returns are low and/or risks are high. Accurate data is … The organization has specific standards that it looks for in everyone it works with, from traders to small producers to contractors. Change agents are people who farmers trust and interact with regularly. There are six elements that distinguish a superior agricultural plan. As in any complex economic system, when so many elements are interrelated, any one of them can become a constraint and stall progress. Land policy is often cited as a pivotal factor in determining whether a country’s agricultural transformation can simultaneously achieve sustained progress and inclusivity (contributing to widespread poverty reduction). By working closely with host families, WWOOF allows people to travel to another country for a season and lend a helping hand with farm work. Increase total farm productivity in developing countries which most need the food, but which have not seen substantial increases in agricultural productivity in the past. In developing countries, agriculture continues to be the main source of employment, livelihood and income for between 50% - 90% of the population. It accounts for between 30 to 60 percent of the total GDP and employs about 70 percent of the total workers. For example, designing a national promotion of new varieties of high-yielding maize among smallholders, along with investment plans for storage and marketing, may not work if the storage facilities are not placed in the right locations. People that live in developing countries often can't get enough to eat. In kick-starting agricultural transformations, coordination among government, donors, and civil society is critical, but it is equally important from the start to plan for private-sector engagement. It is a best sector who tackle intelligently…For improving agriculture a lots of points should be noticed sincerely.. Chemical fertilizer should be avoided as possible as.. Or use so minimal to reduce pollution and … The most effective way to improve the lives of millions in poverty is to support agriculture in developing countries. Use minimal essential This is normal change management in the private sector. Press enter to select and open the results on a new page. – The Huffington Post. Rijsberman said for Africa to reach its food security goals, agriculture investment would need to increase by $21 billion dollars per year. Change agents provide the critical interface with farmers. Since SMEs make up the large majority of firms in developing countries, improvements in this domain are necessary to favour export growth. These broad interventions often do not succeed, because stakeholders have not taken the time to learn the nuances of where and how best to implement them. Ethiopia’s investments in expanding the agricultural extension system are believed to have accelerated its agricultural transformation. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and FMO, the Dutch Entrepreneurial Development Bank launched a formal partnership which aims to increase investments in favor of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and small-scale producers operating within the agribusiness sector in developing … to improve agriculture in developing countries Washington, D.C.—The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) launched a new project, Global Futures for Agriculture, to improve agricultural productivity and environmental sustainability in developing countries. Like Brent, Harjeet and Rebecca said there are things to improve like closing yield gaps with better practices. In this article, we consider the second and third categories. This program offers a great opportunity to see firsthand where the majority of food comes from and how much work goes into producing it. Learn more about cookies, Opens in new Instead, it should focus on the changes that are most likely to kick-start rural economic growth. Strategic plan for the transformation of agriculture in Rwanda: Phase III, Republic of Rwanda Ministry of Agriculture and Animal Resources, July 2013, minecofin.gov.rw. They would assemble every few months for intense technical and leadership training, and then return to their roles at home, with remote access to both expert support and a peer network. Better policies to make agriculture in developing countries more productive and profitable, including via exports, would also help alleviate food insecurity and reduce poverty. This is especially true in an era in which governments are seeking agricultural transformations that meet multiple goals simultaneously. World Wide Opportunities on Organic Farms (WWOOF) is an organization that allows volunteers to live on a farm (nearby or internationally) and be a worker for a season. (Maharashtra) Email :pratikbuttepatil52@gmail.com Abstract The need to increase … Please try again later. This is a great starting point for someone who wants to become more conscious of which corporations and brands they should support. These policies, laws, and regulations are usually across multiple sectors in addition to agriculture, including banking, trade, and land policies. Finally, effective policy making for agricultural transformation needs to become more evidence-based over time. If these trade-offs are explicitly considered and communicated when developing the agricultural transformation plan, it is possible to tailor the choice of value chains, cross-cutting enablers, and geographies to differentially achieve the government’s chosen goals. For example, a change agent can help farmers make the transition from growing wheat to more complicated but lucrative opportunities such as raising tomatoes, vegetables, and orchard crops. The success of any agricultural transformation relies on how well millions of smallholders and small- and medium-size enterprises can be helped to change farming practices as quickly and effectively as possible. The question is how to accelerate, sustain, and scale these growth cycles. Flip the odds. There are three categories of issues that are slowing the application of biotechnology to agricultural productivity in developing countries: scientific, economic and political. Without this, the transformation may proceed more slowly, stall, or not reach scale. We'll email you when new articles are published on this topic. The following financial instruments … Without major climate change adaptation actions, the annual costs of … In the meantime, many steps can be taken to improve the national welfare, but this does not have to be approached with a transformation mentality. A third related success factor lies in weighing the trade-offs among multiple objectives. Small farmers are therefore a significant proportion of the population. This may be, for example, through risk guarantees, cost sharing, innovative public–private partnerships, targeted subsidies, or provision of infrastructure conditional on private investment. Many of them look exciting on paper, but no matter how amazing a technology is, it must fit … Agricultural transformation is essential to the future well-being of developing nations and therefore also to a world with more equitable economic development. 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